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Vol. 27 (66) № 3. 2014
Historical Science

 

Akimchenkov V. V.
New sources on stories of museum matter in Sevastopol
Тhe istochnikovy base on stories of museum matter in Sevastopol in the 20-30th years of the XX centuryIs considered. The first group is made by the published laws, orders, explanations on museum construction,reports of Museum department of Narkompros RSFSR, documents of the central and local party, Soviet, economicorganizations regulating activity of the museums. The published materials of museum congresses, conferences,reports of the museums, members of local history societies, articles on the general questions of developmentof museum business and activity of the separate museums of the Crimea, Sevastopol published inthe central periodicals camps belong to the following group of sources. The main array of organizational andadministrative, reporting documentation of the central and regional governing bodies of museum business andprotection of monuments remains unpublished therefore the most essential is layer of documents on museumconstruction stored in the central archives of the Russian Federation. Their most part is concentrated in a collectionon museum construction of RSFSR of Department of written sources of the State Historical Museumof the Russian Federation (OPI GIM RF, Moscow). The second part of documents of Museum department ofNarkompros RSFSR is stored in funds of the State archive of the Russian Federation (GARF, Moscow). Onthe example of earlier unpublished documents revealed in GARF funds the processes of museum constructionproceeding in the territory of the Crimea in the 20th years of the XX century are shown. So, in particular, letterof the director of the Sevastopol museum of study of local lore of P. P. Babenchikova to Glavnauki Narkomprosgives to RSFSR the chance to restore extent of scientific communication of the Sevastopol local historianswith scientists of Moscow and Leningrad. And also is one of the few, the sources which reached us whotreat directly activity the Museum of study of local lore, after all the archive of the museum was lost in the lateeighties of the XX century. These sources allow to draw a conclusion that passed process of museum constructionin Sevastopol within nation-wide policy. In too time, in the conditions of further ideologization of themuseum sphere in the second half of the 20th years of the XX century, the staff of the Sevastopol museumscarried out modernization of expositions, keeping scientific bases of supply of materials. However in the 30thyears of the XX century process of submission of research tasks to the propaganda purposes that complicatedfull scientific researches for museum workers began.

Bekmambetov E.M.
Crimean Tatar women participate in social, political, party, cultural and educational life of Crimea (1917-1941)

Dmytruk S. A.
Czech settlements in Crimea: history and modernity
The problem of Czech settlements foundation in the Tauride province during second part of XIX cent. Isconsidering in the article. Although depicted social-economic and cultural aspects of Czech development onthe Crimean peninsula in the XX – XXI cent. Ethnic features of Crimean Czechs are denoted too.

Kalinovsky V. V.
On the issue of publication of epistolary heritage Archbishop Innocent (Borisov) by Professor N. I. Barsov: Crimean aspect
We studied selected letters of the epistolary heritage of Archbishop of Kherson and Taurida Innocent(Borisov), published by Professor N. I. Barsov. This collection is an important and little-known source for thehistory of Orthodoxy in Crimea. A collection of letters, which was deposited in the collections of theDepartment of Manuscripts of the National Library, is one of the most extensive collections, with a broad anddistinctive thematic palette. The correspondence coming to the institution was traced. N. I. Barsov preparedletters of the above mentioned church lord and his correspondents in the religious and secular editions, forpublication, and these texts were subsequently combined into two issues of "material for biographies ofInnocent Borisov, Archbishop of Kherson and Taurida". The letters to the cleric contain some uniqueinformation about the apparatus of the peninsula monasteries under the project "Russian Athon", about theresponse of the clergy to the events of the Crimean War, and on the question of ecclesiastical administration.A special attention is given to the church lord correspondence with prominent ethnographers: A. B. Ashik, N.N. Murzakevich and A. S. Uvarov. The letters of Archbishop Correspondents are one of the key sources forthe compilation of scientific biography of this famous cleric.

Lepisevich N. Z.
Materials by magazine «Marine collection» about Sevastopol Naval Library
The article describes the publication of the official organ of the naval department of the Russian Empiremagazine «Marine Collection», dedicated to the history of the Sevastopol Naval library. Introduction to thescientific revolution of these materials allows us to recover and reconstruct the activities of the institution inthe pre-Soviet period. It is noted that the main originator of the stationary library stacks in Sevastopol wasVice-Admiral Vasily Melikhov. Sources of funding agencies in the first years of its existence were identified.The saving activities of the library collections during the Crimean (Eastern) War and post-war fate of the bookcollection were described. There were researched the «Marine collection» Records of the Committee ofDirectors of the Sevastopol Naval library. They revealed some issues of the personnel, state capitals, and thebook property institutions. The mechanisms of the financial activities and replenishing the funds of the librarywere clarified. Particular attention was given to the reading tastes of the Sebastopol audience at the turn ofXIX/XX centuries.

Petrova E. B.
The Crimean University in the 20-s of the XXth century (Unknown pages of the scientific and pedagogical activities of Professor Pavel Ivanovich Gollandsky)
The article is devoted to the life and creative activity of Pavel Ivanovich Gollandsky (1861–1939) whowas a professor of architecture, an artist, an art critic, a historian and an archaeologist, a restorer, a teacher,one of the brightest representatives of the Crimean culture of 20-30-s of the XXth century. The article is basedon the documents from the State archive of the Republic of Crimea and the Central Museum of Taurida (Simferopol).It refers to the pedagogical activities of Gollandsky in the Crimean Teacher’s Training Institute (nowV.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University), hitherto remained unknown to us. P.I. Gollandsky worked at theInstitute as an associate Professor, lectured Ethnography of the Eastern peoples as well as Fine Arts, conductedOriental Arts classes for a group of students. Gollandsky was fond of paintings as well as a gooddraftsman. For many years he made the drawings and paintings for his future monograph devoted to the historyof architectural forms (which remained unfinished and unpublished). Pavel Ivanovich also used thesedrawings and paintings in his classroom work with the students of the Crimean Teacher’s Training Institute.Now they are stored in the collections of the Taurida Central Museum.

Treshcheva I. V.
To the question of economic development of the Crimea in the years of «perestroika»
The article examines the condition of the economy of the Crimea region during 1985-1991 and gives thecharacteristic of the reformist policy of the Soviet leadership and its implementation in the Crimea. Based onthe analysis of the statistical data and scientific literature, as well as on the archival documents wereconsidered milestones and directions of economic reform.The article identifies and describes the characteristic features of transformation during 1985-1991, whichat the initial stage were carried out in the framework of the course "acceleration of the socio-economicdevelopment of the country, and from 1987 changed into much more solid direction, concentrated in theconcept of "perestroika". Explores the issues related to reforms in the structure of economic management andchanges of ownership. Special attention is given to the development of individual entrepreneurship andcooperation in the Crimea.The article reveals the peculiarities of the development of basic industries and agriculture. Specialattention is paid to the development of chemical, metallurgical industries, to peculiarities of shipbuilding andengineering enterprises. The article touches upon the problem of power supply of the Peninsula due to its ownclimate and natural resources. It also gives the characteristic of the agricultural sector.In conclusion, the article analyzes the effectiveness of implementation of reforms within the boundariesof the Crimean Peninsula and their influence on the economic situation in the Crimea to the beginning of the1990s.The article is intended for professional historians and anyone interested in the history of the Crimea.

Seitova E. I.
Reasons for the organization of the post-war settlement of Crimea. Periodization of the problem

Reviews

Romanko O.V.
Crimean partisans without a retouch, or Whether a scientific form can to do scientific content
This article is a review of the monograph of the Crimean researcher V.E. Polyakov, devoted to history ofsoviet partisan movement on territory of Crimea in period from 1941 to 1944.Based on analysis of text of monograph in detail authorial conception of partisan movement during SecondWorld War in general and on territory of the Crimean peninsula, in particular, is considered. The fallaciousnessof this conception from the V.E. Polyakov’s actual errors is shown. Based on numerous examples,that an author does not know modern historiography of indicated issue, and his source base is not representativefor the decision of the put tasks is well proven. It is convincingly reasonable, that from this V.E. Polyakovwas not able to set forth the research subject and create the clear structure of the monograph – this structurehas chaotic character. It as a result, that conclusions of author on the done work are unconvincing and does notanswer the put questions is shown. In this connection, that V.E. Polyakov’s monograph is not scientific research,and an author cannot be an expert on the indicated topic is well proven.